VICTORIAN TURKISH BATHS:
their origin, development, & gradual decline


A website for the exchange of information, by Malcolm Shifrin
Dedicated to Devra

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Contents of the site

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This table last updated 12 June 2017

A: HOME PAGE
B: TAKE A TURKISH BATH
 A list of Turkish baths which are still open
C: NOTICEBOARD
 About the author
 About the dedicatee
   About the website 
 Bookmarking and printing pages
 Updating policy
 Citing the site and copyright matters
   What people say about the website
 Picture of the month archive
1: DEFINITION AND INTRODUCTION
    1: What is a Victorian Turkish bath?
  2: Why should it interest us?
  3: Aims of the website
  4: The information exchange
2: HISTORY OF THE VICTORIAN TURKISH BATH
Section title pages include photographs of:
Hot room at Cragside
Minute Book of the London & Provincial Turkish Bath Co Ltd
David Urquhart and the London Hammam
  1: Introduction
  2: A couple of books and a couple of Acts
  3: The class barrier
  4: The Subscribers' meeting
  5: Urquhart's rôle and remuneration
  6: Plan, reality, and conclusion
  England's First Victorian Turkish bath
The Hot air controversy: wet air or dry air?
  1: Background to the controversy
  2: The start of the row: Dr Madden's article
  3: Dr Barter's response
  4: Support from others
  5: Conclusion
London's first Victorian Turkish bath
  1: Introduction
  2: The first Turkish baths
  3: The first Turkish baths in London
  4: Charges and class
  5: London women and the bath
Nothing but a load of hot air: controversies 
  1: Introduction
  2: Technology and attitudes
  3: Technological issues
  4: Attitudinal issues; Cleanliness
  5: Doctors' attitudes
  6: Class
  7: Charges of indolence and effeminacy
  8: Shampooing and nakedness
  9: Terminology and architectural style
10: Coda; Postscript
Review of the sources for a Turkish bath history 
  1: Before the Victorian Turkish bath
  2: Urquhart & the Victorian Turkish bath
  3: Barter & the Victorian Turkish bath
  4: Some early publications
  5: Controversy and problems
  6: Rise of Victorian Turkish bath
  7: Publicly funded baths
  8: Baths for special needs
The Turkish Bath Movement: clean in body and mind
  1: Introduction
  2: Urquhart, Barter, and St Ann's
  3: The Committees and The Free Press
  4: The Committees and their Turkish baths
  5: Clean in body and mind
Turkish baths for animals 
  1: Introduction
  2: The first Turkish baths for animals
  3: Turkish baths for racehorses
  4: Turkish baths for urban working horses
The USA's first Victorian Turkish baths
  1: Dr Shepard & the first USA Turkish bath
  2: The First Manhattan Turkish bath
3:  VICTORIAN TURKISH BATH TOPICS
Section title pages include:
Caricature of a first-timer's visit to a Turkish bath.
Dragon tattoo by Sutherland Macdonald;
  'Watch your weight' card
'Classical porticos' and 'touches of eastern grandeur'
  1: The Turkish bath as a procedure
  2: The Turkish bath as a facility  
  3: Roman bath or Turkish bath?
  4: A working class movement
Heritaging the Victorian Turkish bath
  1: Heritaging
  2: David Urquhart and Richard Barter
  3: Naming the bath
  4: Styling the bath
Performance in the raw
  1: The stages of the Turkish bath
  2: Urquhart's performance
    3: Theatre and performance 
  4: The ritual of the towels
  5: The shampooing ritual
  6: The hand-clapping ritual
  7: The self-confident bathers
Shampooing in 19th century London
  1: Charles Booth's survey
  2: The Turkish baths surveyed
  3: The shampooers
  4: Hours and holidays
  5: Shampooers' wages
  6: Tips, tipping, and total income
Women and the Victorian Turkish bath
  1: Introduction
  2: The first Victorian Turkish baths
  3: Women and the first Turkish baths
  4: Availability of the baths to women
  5: Entrance charges & attendants' wages
  6: Attitudes to privacy, nudity, & exercise
  7: The Turkish bath and women's health
  — Table: Victorian Turkish Baths known to have had women's facilities
 —Shorter topics
 A Bunch of baths books
 Cabinet baths: the DIY approach
 Caricatures and cartoons
 David and Harriet Urquhart: a team
 The Death of William Urquhart
 Earliest Turkish bath photos?
 Hot air: dry, humid, or steamy?
 Hydropathy and wet sheet packing
 James Joyce's Ulysses
 Ladies' night in a Turkish bath
 Letter from Constantinople
 Mrs Doggett asks for more: duties of the housekeeper at 76 Jermyn Street
 Shakespeare takes a Turkish: a parody
 Steaming: the theatre moves to Harrogate Turkish Baths
 Turkish baths in fiction
 The Urquharts' bath at Riverside
 Verse and worse
 Which was Trollope's Jermyn St Turkish bath?
4: PERSONS CONNECTED WITH VICTORIAN TURKISH BATHS
Section title pages include images of:
 Thomas Gibson BOWLES
 Francis FRANCIS
 Major Robert POORE
 Dr Richard BARTER and St Ann's Hydropathic Establishment
   1:   Dr Barter and the early years of St Ann's
 George ELSON
5: PUBLIC COMPANIES INVOLVED WITH VICTORIAN TURKISH BATHS
 Turkish bath companies
 The articles on individual companies are reached from:
 List of Limited Liability Companies, and Notes on dating them   
6: DIRECTORY OF TURKISH BATHS IN THE BRITISH ISLES
 The articles on individual establishments are reached from the lists below,
  and are preceded by notes on…
 What is included in the directory
 How we found and dated the Turkish baths in the directory
 Lists of Turkish baths in the British Isles by PLACE
 England: London
 England: Provinces
 Ireland
 Scotland
 Wales
 Lists of some special user Turkish baths in the British Isles by TYPE
 Animals
 Asylums
 Clubs
 Hospitals
 Houses
 Hydros
 Ocean liners
 Workhouses
 Lists of some Turkish baths outside the British Isles by CONTINENT
 Scope of the overseas lists
 Africa (South Africa)        
 Australasia (Australia; New Zealand)
 Europe (Austria; Belgium; Denmark; France; Germany; Hungary; Sweden)
 North America (Canada; USA)
7: CHARIVARI
  001: Currency and temperature conversion         
  002: Turkish bath closures, 1990—         
  01: Humour at Westminster?         
  02: Progress at Manchester
  03: Research at Leamington Spa         
  04: Carlisle baths Listed         
  05: Bath attendants, New York City, 1882         
  06: Action for loss of a nose
  07: Music for the Turkish bath
  08: The Survey of London: corrections to some Turkish bath entries
  09: Compulsory costumes in local authority baths    
  10: Ammunition store discovered in Irish Turkish bath
  11: Better than milk
GLOSSARY
 List of terms included
IMAGES INDEX AND GALLERY
SOURCES CONSULTED
TWO-WAY ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
Thanks from you to us
Thanks from us to you
CONVERT MONEY AND TEMPERATURES
LINKS
Links to other relevant sites
Links to us from other sites
VICTORIAN TURKISH BATHS—THE BOOK
  About the book
Extras: web pages referred to in the book
Pictures that didn't make it
Amendments and revisions
New information and updates
Reviews and readers' comments
Citations
 

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Victorian Turkish Baths: their origin, development, and gradual decline

 
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