A Glossary of some terms
used on the website


The Zotofoam bath

The Zotofoam bath was a precursor (from as long ago as the 1930s) of the whirlpools which are now so popular in health spas. It was once delightfully described as being like a Jacuzzi™ on steroids!

Unlike the Jacuzzi™ or other modern hot tub whirlpools, Zotofoam was designed to be used in an ordinary slipper bath. Bubbles were produced by pumping oxygen or compressed air through a distributor placed on the bottom of the bath. This was covered by hot water at around 105ºF to which had been added an ounce of Zotofoam extract.

Zotofoam extract

Bottles of Zotofoam extract. Photograph courtesy of Leamington Spa Art Gallery and Museum

The foam insulated the body preventing the heat from escaping and the body temperature increased so that the bather sweated profusely.

In Waters of health and happiness, it is suggested (in a phrase which could not be used today) that the Zotofoam bath 'through its special composition is unrivalled for slimming.' It survived until well into the 1960s.

1930s Zotofoam advertisement

Typical 1930s advertisement for Zotofoam

Zotofoam unit at Epsom A Zotofoam bath at Hastings

Photo: Opening of the Municipal Baths: souvenir brochure. — Borough of Ewell and Epsom, 1939

Photo: Waters of health and happiness. — Hastings : The Council, [1934]

A Zotofoam unit at Epsom…

… and a bath at Hastings 

This page last updated 01 January 2019

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The Local Studies Librarians at Southwark, Epsom, and Hastings

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Other terms in the glossary


Victorian Turkish Baths: their origin, development, and gradual decline

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