Victorian Turkish baths directory


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Victorian Turkish Baths: their origin, development, and gradual decline


Original illustrated page
Other lists of Turkish baths—arranged by area and by user


B. Special Turkish baths arranged by type

Turkish baths in asylums

Last updated: 07 May 2017

Individual establishments arranged alphabetically by place.

Known opening and closing dates of the baths are indicated in the table, as is the existence of more detailed chronologies. All articles include a chronology. However, please note that chronologies do not appear in the version of the site without frames.

Dates in blue are accurate openings or closures to the best of our knowledge;
Dates in red are first and last sightings.
Plus or minus signs indicate 'and later' or 'and earlier'. 

If you have access to local newspapers and can add, amend, or correct any dates, please do contact us.                        


 CORK: District Lunatic Asylum 1861—1889+
 DENBIGH: North Wales Counties Lunatic Asylum 1871—1910+
 EXMINSTER: Devon County Asylum 1865
 HAYWARD'S HEATH: Sussex District Lunatic Asylum   1861—1863+
 LIMERICK: District Lunatic Asylum 1876—
 LONDON: Claybury Asylum, Woodford 1893—1939
 LONDON: Second Middlesex County Asylum, Colney Hatch 1865—1888+
 LONDON: Leavesden 'Imbeciles Asylum 1876—
 NORTHAMPTON: St Andrew's Hospital for Mental Diseases 1927—
 SLIGO: Asylum 1871
 VIRGINIA WATER: The Holloway Sanatorium 1885—
Shory article
 WAKEFIELD: West Riding Pauper Lunatic Asylum 1871—
 YORK: The Retreat 1877—1909+
 ¶  Closed during World War I (1914-18)

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An enlargement can also be found at:

Colney Hatch Lunatic Asylum, later renamed Friern Hospital

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Victorian Turkish Baths: their origin, development, and gradual decline

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The right of Malcolm Shifrin to be identified as the author of this work has been asserted by him
in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988